Alexander Barreau (II)

Biographies
 

What we do know:

Birth:  After October 1812[1], location unknown
Parents: Father; Alexander Barreau (I) [2]
Marriage: 10 July 1845, Singapore, to Elizabeth Nell (nee Hamilton)[3]
Death: 11pm Thursday, October 12th, 1876, while at his place of work, The Ship Inn, Port Adelaide.  Aged 63[4].
Cause: Apoloxy[5]
Buried: CheltenhamCemetery, Adelaide, an inscription is held there. [6].
Occupation: hotel keeper[7], waterman, barman[8].
Arrival in Australia: Between 1845 and 1847[9].
Residence: As a child unknown.  In 1845, Singapore[10].  Port Adelaide until time of death[11].
Position in community: respected with many friends[12].

Children:
Helena, 10.9.1847[13] – 1926[14]
Anne, 1848/9 – 6 May, 1868[15]
Alfred Alexander, 12.6.1851[16] – 16.12.1910[17]
George, 19.6.1853 – 1920[18]
John Holmes, 17.1.1856[19] – 1926[20]
Clara Bertha (I). 1858[21] – 1931

(Dates with no reference come from Doug Wilkie, http://hamiltonfamilyhistory.blogspot.com.au/2007/11/descendants-of-james-hamilton.html, viewed 6 April 2012.)

[1] Based on his recorded age at death, in 1876, as being 63.  This may not be accurate as it is dependent of a verbal record and not on his recorded birth record.  He died in October 1976, and was listed as age 63 in his obituary in the newspaper (see note no 4).  This would mean he either had turned 63 that year or would turn 64.  Ted Dawson’s oral history account said he was born in 1812.
[2] Listed in marriage index: 3/18/12 Parish Record Collection – Marriage Record .. Findmypast.co.uk http://www.findmypast.co.uk/records/parish-records/details/M/901150055?pf=1 1/1
[3] 3/18/12 Parish Record Collection – Marriage Record .. Findmypast.co.uk http://www.findmypast.co.uk/records/parish-records/details/M/901150055?pf=1 1/1.  Also: “India, Marriages, 1792-1948 ,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/FGNG-KM5 : accessed 31 March 2012), Alexander Barreau in entry for Alexander Barreau and Elizabeth Cath. Nell (1845).
[4] SA Death Index, book 76, page 276.  Also death notice in newspaper;  (1876, October 14). South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839-1900), p. 5. Retrieved May 2, 2011, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article43013389
[5] Listed in newspaper death notice;  (1876, October 14). South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839-1900), p. 5. Retrieved May 2, 2011, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article43013389
[6] Darryl Barreau.
[7] Listed in marriage index: 3/18/12 Parish Record Collection – Marriage Record.  Findmypast.co.uk http://www.findmypast.co.uk/records/parish-records/details/M/901150055?pf=1 1/1
[8] Listed in newspaper death notice;  (1876, October 14). South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839-1900), p. 5. Retrieved May 2, 2011, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article43013389
[9] Based on the date of his marriage inSingapore (in 1845) and his first child which was inSouth Australia (in 1847).
[10] 3/18/12 Parish Record Collection – Marriage Record .. Findmypast.co.uk http://www.findmypast.co.uk/records/parish-records/details/M/901150055?pf=1 1/1.  Also: “India, Marriages, 1792-1948 ,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/FGNG-KM5 : accessed 31
[11] Based on birth of children and his SA Death Index, book 3, page, 235.  Also in newspaper death notice;  (1876, October 14). South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839-1900), p. 5. Retrieved May 2, 2011, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article43013389
[12] Listed in newspaper death notice;  (1876, October 14). South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839-1900), p. 5. Retrieved May 2, 2011, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article43013389
[13] SABirth Index Book 2, page 1.
[14] SADeath Index, Book 488 page 306.
[15] SADeath Index, Book 32 page 19.  Died aged 19, therefore born 1848/9.
[16] SABirth Index book 3, page 235.
[17] SADeath Index, Book 353 page 392
[18] SADeath Index, Book 439 page 584
[19] SABirth Index book 5 page 272.
[20] SADeath Index, Book 486 page 29
[21] SABirth Index book 11 page 433.

********

FURTHER DETAILS

Death Notice

It seems sad to begin our story with a death, but in October 1876 the South Australian Register newspaper published a tribute to the recent death of Alexander Barreau.  This tribute tells us more about our ancestor than anything else I have found.  I have posted it below, and below that is the transcript.

“Sudden death at Port Adelaide – Mr Alexander Barreau” SA Register Oct 14, 2876

 (1876, October 14). South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839-1900), p. 5. Retrieved May 2, 2011, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article43013389
 

SUDDEN DEATH AT PORT ADELAIDE – Mr Alexander Barreau, aged 63 years, barman of the Ship Inn, Port Adelaide, was taken ill with a [sic] at about 5 o’clock and died about 11 o’clock on Thursday night, October 12.  He was attended by Drs. Forward, Gething, and Weatherhead, who certified the cause of death to be apoplexy.  The deceased was well known in the Port, having been with Mr. Smith, of the Ship Inn, for 14 years, previous to which he was a waterman.  He was a colonist of 29 years and has left many friends.  The flags in the Port were half masted on Friday to show the respect in which he was held.

________________

MORE DETAILS

(please note, all footnotes for facts are listed in the ‘What We Know’ item above).

Origins:
We do not know where Alexander came from.  ‘Barreau’ is a common French name, but has occurred in Britian as well, including theChannellIslands.  Of course he may come from any place with French colonists, such asCanada).  I have found no record of him being naturalized while in SA (but of course records could be incomplete), and the fact that there is no mention of Alexander being French in his newspaper death notice makes me suspect he may have been from Britian or a British colony (such as Canada).

Birth
About 1813/14.

No official records of Alexander’s birth have as yet been found.  This has not helped by not knowing where he came from.

Alexander was listed in the SA Death Index as 62 years old at the time of his death in October 1876.  In the death notice in the newspaper it listed him as 63.  Perhaps he was due to have a birthday?

Assuming this age is correct, it would mean he was born in 1813 or 1814.  This was during the time of the Napoleonic Wars inEurope, which may have some significance if indeed he were French.

However many ages listed in official records in these times are approximate, especially in the early days of the colonies, so we cannot be sure of his exact year of birth.

Father: Alexander Barreau
On the marriage index record of Alexander Barreau (II) and Elizabeth (Hamilton) Nell (dated 1845) the name of the groom’s father is listed, and it is ALEXANDER BARREAU.

This could, of course, be a clerical error, but it was a common enough practice in the 19th century.

Arrival in South Australia
The newspaper death notice listed that he had been in the colony for 29 years, which meant he came to SA in 1847, at age 34.  This is the same year his first child, Helena, was born (Helena).  As he married Elizabeth in 1845 he may have arrived in SA any time between 1845 and 1847.

Occupation
Alexander seemed to have had several jobs, as would be expected in these colonial days.  Basically they evolved around two areas, shipping and hotel work.  He worked in shipping in a manner variously described as a “mariner”, a “lighterman” and a “waterman”.  I shall gather the various sources for these terms and sort them out at a later time.  The sum of it though, seems to indicate he worked in transporting passengers, and maybe cargo, from the ships onto the shores of the port.

Working on ships of course suits the family legend that he was a crewman who ‘jumped ship’, and also, in some way, the legend about him being a ‘pirate’.

Alexander also worked in hotels.  In his marriage index he is listed as running a hotel inSingapore.  At the time of his death he was working as a barman at The Ship Inn and had been working there for 14 years.  The death notice stated that previous to that he had been a waterman.

The Ship Inn was located on North Parade in Port Adelaide.  It was demolished at least by the 1920s.

Alexander would have been working in the hotel at the time of the photo.  In front of the hotel in the photo are a line of people.  Could one of these have been Alexander Barreau?

Alexander’s work in shipping supports the various family stories told of him.

RESIDENCE
Alexander and Elizabeth were living in Singaporeat the time of their marriage.  Alexander was living and working in Singaporeas a hotel keeper.  At the time Singapore was part of the British Empirevia the East India Company.  (see Wikipedia entry: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Singapore).

Alexander is reported as being a resident of SA since 1847, the year of his first child’s birth.  perhapsElizabethdid not return to SA until then either.

The family seemed to have lived at Port Adelaide, the location of the Ship Inn.  His children attended schools in Pt Adelaide.

Alexander owned land at Lefevre Peninsula at least up to 1859.  An auction was to be held for the land in October 1859 and was listed in the SA newspapers. The land was lot 7, position of section no. 1109.  It is not confirmed as to how he used this land, whether he lived there or used it for other purposes, and whether he successfully sold it.
[1859 ‘Advertising.’, South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839-1900), 4 October, p. 4, viewed 20 April, 2011, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article49826044]

Living in Port Adelaide certainly fits in with his work on the ships.

The next generation of Barreau children will be involved in playing with the early Port Adelaide Football Club.

Click here for information on the early days of Port Adelaide.

Port Adelaide in the 1840s.

Marriage
Alexander Barreau married Elizabeth Catherine Nell nee Hamilton.

Date: 10 July 1845[1]

Place: St Andrews Cathedral, Singapore[ii] (then part of The East India Company and the British Empire)

Elizabeth is the eldest daughter of Richard Hamilton. They had arrived in SA in 1837.  Click on his name for more details.

Elizabeth had married Henry Nell in 1838 and had 3 children with him (click on her name for more details).  Henry had died after, most probably, 1844 as their last child was born in that year.  It has been suggested he died in a ship on his way to Singapore, although I don’t know the source of that idea.

Alexander and Elizabeth married in Singapore and both were listed as residents of Singapore.  At the time Singapore was part of theBritish Empire.

Elizabeth’s first husband, Henry Nell, must have died in either 1844 or 1845.  Elizabeth and Henry’s last child was born in 1844 (baptized in November)[iii] and she married Alexander in July 1845.  If Henry was living in Singapore with his family at the time of his death then I imagine Elizabeth may have felt very vulnerable being alone with no family for support.  But perhaps there were otherHamiltons in Singapore?  This is an area for more research.

Children:
Helena, 10.9.1847 – 1926
Anne, 1849 – 1868
Alfred Alexander, 12.6.1851 – 16.12.1910
George, 19.6.1853 – 1920
John Holmes, 17.1.1856 – 1926
Clara Bertha (I). 1858 – 1931

Death
Alexander was reported as suddenly collapsing.  The medical report at the time was ‘apoplexy’.  This is usually, today, associated with a stroke, but could also be a cardiac arrest.


~more details to come~

______________

Updated: 2 May2011.


[1] “India, Marriages, 1792-1948 ,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/FGNG-KM5 : accessed 31 March 2012), Alexander Barreau in entry for Alexander Barreau and Elizabeth Cath. Nell (1845).

[ii] 3/18/12 Parish Record Collection – Marriage Record .. Findmypast.co.uk http://www.findmypast.co.uk/records/parish-records/details/M/901150055?pf=1 1/1



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